Achilles Tendinitis

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Definition

Achilles tendonitis is excessive damage of the Achilles tendon, a band of tissue that connects the muscles of the calves behind the lower legs to the bones of the heel.

Achilles tendonitis occurs most commonly in runners that suddenly increased the intensity or duration of running. For middle-aged people sports like tennis and basketball, it is common only on weekends.

Most cases of Achilles tendonitis can be treated with relatively simple home care under the supervision of your doctor. In order to prevent regular episodes, usually a self-care strategy is necessary. Cases of more severe Achilles tendonitis can cause bursting (rupture) of tendons that require surgical repair.

Symptoms

The pain associated with Achilles tendonitis usually begins to run as mild pain behind the legs or on the heel or heel, or after other sports activities. Episodes of more severe pain may occur after long runaway, climbing stairs, or running.

It may also experience gentleness and rigidity, especially in the morning that improves with calm activities.

When going to see a doctor

If pain persists around the Achilles tendon, please consult your doctor. If pain or disability is severe, get medical attention immediately. There may be a ruptured (ruptured) Achilles tendon.

Causes

Achilles tendonitis causes repeated or strong tension on the Achilles tendon, the band of tissue that connects your calf’s muscles to your heel’s bone. This tendon is used when walking, running, jumping, lifting the foot.

The structure of the Achilles tendon weakens with age. Especially for those who only participate in sports on the weekend or suddenly raise the strength of the running program, it is easy to get injured.

Risk Factors

Several factors may increase the risk of Achilles tendonitis:

Your sex.

Achilles tendinitis occurs most commonly in men.

Age.

Achilles tendonitis is more common as you get older.

Physical problem.

Naturally flat arches of your feet may put more strain on the Achilles tendon. Obesity and tight calf muscles can also increase the tendon tension.

Selection of training.

Running with tired shoes can increase the risk of Achilles tendonitis. Pain in tendons occurs more frequently than in warmer weather in cold weather, and it tends to cause Achilles tendon injury in hilly areas.

Medical condition.

People with psoriasis or hypertension are at higher risk of developing Achilles tendonitis.

Pharmaceuticals.

Certain types of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones are associated with a high incidence of Achilles tendonitis.

Complications

Achilles tendonitis can weaken tendons and is usually vulnerable to painful injuries (bursting) that require surgical repair.

 

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