Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. Acne usually appears on your face, neck, chest, back, shoulder. There are effective treatments, but acne has sustainability. The pimple and the bulge are healed slowly and when leaving, it seems that other things rise.

Acne is the most common among the teenagers and the reported prevalence is 70 to 87%. More and more young children are increasing in pimples.

Depending on its severity, acne may cause psychological distress and may hurt the skin. The sooner you start treatment, the lower the risk of physical and emotional sustained damage.


The signs and symptoms of acne will depend on the severity of your condition:

  • White head (closed occlusion hole)
  • Black head (open obstruction hole – oil changes to brown when exposed to air)
  • Small red, soft bumps (papules)
  • Papules (pustules), pimple with pus at its tip
  • A large and hard painful mass under the skin surface (nodule)
  • Painful clumps (cystic lesions) with pain below the surface of the skin

When going to see a doctor

If your home care remedy is not working to clear your carrot, please check with your primary care doctor. He or she can prescribe more powerful medicine. If acne persists or is severe, you may want to receive treatment from a doctor specializing in skin (dermatologist).

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warns that some popular non-prescription acne lotion, cleanser and other skin products may cause serious reactions. This type of reaction is very rare, so please do not confuse it with redness, irritation or itching when using medicines or products.

To receive emergency medical care after using unexperienced skin products:

  • Distraction
  • Dyspnea
  • Swelling of eyes, face, lips or tongue
  • Throat tension


The four main factors cause acne:

  • Oil production
  • Dead skin cell
  • Clogged pores
  • Bacteria

Acne usually appears on your face, neck, chest, back, shoulder. These skin areas have the most oil (greasy) glands. Acne occurs when the hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells.

The hair follicles are connected to the oil glands. These glands secrete oily substances (sebum) and moisturize your hair and skin. Sebum usually moves along the axis of the hair through the opening of the hair follicle to the surface of the skin.

If your body produces an excess of sebum and dead skin cells, two can accumulate in the hair follicle. Make a soft plug and create an environment where bacteria can thrive. Inflammation occurs when clogged pores are infected with bacteria.

Occluded holes may inflate the follicular wall and produce white blood cells. Or the plug may be open on the surface and it may become black. The darkening may look like dirt on the pores. However, in fact pores are mixed with bacteria and oil, turning brown when exposed to air.

Pimples cause red spots with white center and develop as clogged hair follicles become inflamed or infected. Occlusion and inflammation that occurs deep inside the hair follicle creates a cyst like mass beneath the surface of the skin. Other pores in your skin, which is the opening of the sweat gland, are usually not involved in acne.

Factors exacerbating acne

These factors can cause or exacerbate existing acne cases:


Androgens are hormones that boys and girls increase during puberty, causing the sebaceous glands to expand and cause sebum to increase. Hormonal changes related to the use of pregnancy and oral contraceptives may also affect sebum production. There is a possibility that a small amount of androgens circulate in the female’s blood and exacerbate acne.

Specific medicine.

Drugs containing corticosteroids, androgens or lithium can exacerbate acne.


According to research, certain dietary factors including carbohydrate-rich foods such as dairy products, breads, bagels, chips, etc. can cause acne. Chocolate is long and there is doubt that it will worsen acne. A recent study of 14 men with acne showed that eating chocolate is related to an increase in acne. Further research is needed to investigate why this happens, or whether an acne patient needs to follow certain dietary restrictions.


Stress may aggravate pimples.

Myths of acne

These factors have little effect on acne.

Fatty food.

Eating greasy food has little effect on pimples. Since oil may adhere to the skin and block the hair follicle, I work in a greasy area such as a kitchen equipped with fry vats. It further stimulates the skin or promotes acne.

Dirty skin.

Acne is not the cause of dirt. In fact, rubbing the skin strongly or cleansing with a hard soap or chemical substance may cause skin irritation and may exacerbate acne. Although it helps gently remove oil, dead skin and other substances.


Cosmetics do not necessarily obstruct pores Oil free makeup (non-cogenic) is used, and if you remove your make-up regularly, it does not necessarily worsen acne. Nonoric cosmetic products do not prevent the effectiveness of acne medicine.

Risk Factors

Risk factors for acne include the following:

Changes in hormones.

Such changes are common to people who use specific medication therapies, including those that include corticosteroids, androgens or lithium, teenagers, women and girls, and people.

Family history.

Genetics plays a role of acne. If both parents have pimples, you are likely to develop it.

Oil or oily substance.

Acne may occur in a work area such as a kitchen with a fry bat in places with oily lotion, cream or grease on your skin.
Friction and pressure on the skin. This may be caused by items such as phones, mobile phones, helmets, tight collars and backpacks.


This is not a cause of acne, but if acne already exists, stress may be severe.


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