Alcohol Use Disorder



Alcohol use disorder (including levels sometimes referred to as alcohol dependence) is to control drinking, to be familiar with alcohol, continue to use alcohol even if it causes problems, to obtain the same effect More drinking If you reduce or drink alcohol rapidly, you may cause withdrawal symptoms.

The use of unhealthy alcohol includes the use of alcohol that endangers your health and safety or causes other alcohol related problems. Also included is a drinking pattern in which men drink 5 or more drinks within 2 hours, or drinking patterns in which women drink at least 4 drinks within 2 hours. Binge drinking causes serious health and safety risks.

If your drinking patterns result in repeating significant pain and problems in your daily life, you may have an alcohol use impairment. It can range from mild to severe. However, early treatment is important because even mild disorders can expand and lead to serious problems.


Alcohol use impairment may be mild, moderate or severe based on the number of symptoms you experience. Signs and symptoms include the following:

  • That you can not limit the amount of alcohol you drink
  • I want to reduce how much you drink and try not to work it
  • I spend a lot of time recovering from drinking, alcohol
  • intake, alcohol use
  • I feel a strong desire and an impulse to drink alcohol
  • I can not fulfill my duty at work, school, or home by repeatedly drinking alcohol
  • Even though I know that it causes physical, social,
  • personal problems, I continue to drink alcohol
    Abandon social, work activities and hobbies
  • Use alcohol in unsafe conditions such as driving and swimming
  • In order to develop tolerance to alcohol, in order to feel the effect, more things are needed or the effect from the same amount is made smaller
  • Experience withdrawal symptoms such as nausea, sweating, tremors – Avoid these symptoms when not drinking or drinking

Alcohol use disorders may include periods of alcoholism and symptoms of withdrawal.

Alcohol intoxication

Occurs as your blood flow’s amount of alcohol increases. The higher the concentration of blood alcohol, the more obstacles. Alcoholism causes behavioral problems and spiritual changes. These may include inappropriate behavior, unstable mood, impairment of judgment, smooth speech, disturbance of attention and memory, and poor regulation. You can have a period called “blackout” that does not remember events. A very high blood alcohol concentration can result in a coma state or death.

Alcohol withdrawal

May occur when the use of alcohol has stopped or decreased significantly after being heavy and prolonged. It can happen after hours or 4 or 5 days. Symptoms include sweating, rapid heartbeat, hand tremor, sleep problems, nausea and vomiting, hallucinations, restlessness and excitement, anxiety, sometimes seizures. Symptoms may be serious enough to compromise the ability to function in the workplace or social situation.

What is a drink?

National laboratories on alcoholism and alcohol dependence define one standard drink as either of these.

  • Normal beer (alcohol about 5%) 12 oz (355 ml)
  • 8 – 9 oz (237 – 266 ml) of malt alcohol (alcohol about 7%)
  • 5 ounces (148 milliliters) of unmodified wine (about 12% alcohol)
  • 80 – resistant hard liquid (alcohol about 40%) 1.5 ounces (44 milliliters)

When going to see a doctor

If you feel that you are drinking too much alcohol, cause problems, or if your family is concerned about your drinking, please consult your doctor. Other ways to get help include discussions with mental health providers and seeking help from a support group such as an alcohol addiction anonymous or a self-help group of a similar type.

Since refusal is general, it does not feel like there is a problem with drinking. You may not recognize how much you are drinking and how many problems are related to alcohol use in your life. Please ask your relatives, friends, colleagues to investigate drinking habits or request help. Consider talking to the person who stopped, although there was a problem with drinking.


Genetic, psychological, social and environmental factors influence how drinking affects your body and behavior. According to theory, for certain people, drinking has different strong influences leading to impaired alcohol use.

Over time, drinking too much alcohol can change the normal function of the brain area related to the experience of joy, judgment, and ability to control your behavior. This could result in restoring a good mood or craving for alcohol to reduce negative emotions.

Risk factors for alcohol use impairment include:


Drink steadily over time.

Long periodic drinking and frequent drinking can lead to alcohol related problems and alcohol dependence.


People who started drinking especially violently when young are at high risk of alcohol use impairment. The use of alcohol may begin with teens, but alcohol use disorders occur more frequently in their twenties and thirties. But you can start at any age.

Family history.

The risk of alcohol use impairment is higher for those with relatives of parents and relatives who have problems with alcohol. This may be affected by genetic factors.

Depression and other mental health problems.

People with psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder generally have problems with alcohol and other substances.

Social and cultural factors.

Have regular drinking friends and close partners to increase the risk of alcoholism. You might send a message saying that drinking is sometimes drawn in the media in an attractive way, too much to drink. For young people, the impact of parents, colleagues and other role models may affect risks.


Alcohol suppresses your central nervous system. In some people, the first response may be stimulating. But as you continue drinking, you will be in a state of sedation.

Too much alcohol will affect your speech, muscle adjustment, the important center of the brain. Severe drinking can even lead to life threatening coma and even death. This is especially important when taking certain medications that degrade brain function.

Safety impact

Excessive drinking will lower judgment skills, lower deterrence, lead to poor choices and dangerous situations and actions.

  • Other types of accidental injuries such as car accidents and drowning
  • Relation problem
  • Declining performance at work or school
  • The possibility of being a victim of a violent crime or a crime increases
  • Legal issues or employment or financial problems
  • Problems related to the use of other substances
  • Become a victim of dangerous, unprotected sex acts or sexual abuse or date rape
  • Increased suicide attempt risk

Impact on your health

If you drink too much alcohol at once or over time, the following health problems may occur.

Liver disease.

Severe drinking can cause liver fat increase (liver steatosis), liver inflammation (alcoholic hepatitis), irreversible destruction of liver tissue over time and scarring (liver cirrhosis) over time.

Gastrointestinal problems

Severe drinking can cause inflammation of the stomach lining (gastritis), as well as stomach and esophageal ulcers. It may also interfere with absorption of B vitamins and other nutrients. Too much weight can damage the pancreas or cause pancreatic inflammation (pancreatitis).

Heart problems.

Excessive drinking leads to hypertension and increases the risk of heart, heart failure, stroke. Even a single hypersensitivity can cause severe cardiac arrhythmia called atrial fibrillation.

Complications of diabetes.

Alcohol prevents the release of glucose from your liver and may increase the risk of hypoglycemia (hypoglycemia). This is dangerous if you are taking insulin to lower your blood sugar level already in diabetes.

Sexual function and menstruation problem.

Excessive drinking can cause male erectile dysfunction. In women, menstruation may be interrupted.

Eye problems.

Excessive drinking will cause involuntary rapid eye movements (nystagmus), paralysis of the eye muscles and paralysis, as vitamin B – 1 (thiamin) runs out over time. Thiamine deficiency may also be associated with other brain changes such as irreversible dementia if it is not treated rapidly.

Congenital deficiency.

Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can cause miscarriage. Also, there is a possibility that a child who has a problem of physical development that lasts for a lifetime causing birth of the fetal alcohol syndrome may give birth.

Bone damage.

Alcohol may interfere with the generation of new bone. This decrease in bone mass can increase bone thinning (osteoporosis) and increase the risk of fracture. Alcohol also damages bone marrow and makes blood cells. This may result in lower platelet counts, which may cause contusion or bleeding.

Neurological complications.

Excessive drinking affects your nervous system and causes paralysis and pain in limbs, thinking disorder, dementia, short-term memory loss.

Weak immune system.

Excessive alcohol use makes your body hard to resist disease and increases the risk of various diseases, especially pneumonia.

Risk of cancer.

Long-term excessive alcohol use is associated with higher risk of many cancers including mouth, throat, liver, colon and breast cancer. Even moderate drinking can increase the risk of breast cancer.

Interaction between drugs and alcohol.

Several drugs interact with alcohol and increase its toxic effect. If you take these medicines while taking them, you can increase or decrease their effect, which can be dangerous.


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