Anemia

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Overview

Anemia is a state in which there is not enough healthy red blood cells to carry enough oxygen to the tissues of the body. If you have anemia, you may get tired and weak.

Anemia has various forms, each with its own cause. Anemia is temporary or long-term and can range from mild to severe. Because there is a possibility that it is a sign of severe illness, please consult your doctor if anemia is suspected.

Anemia treatment ranges from the intake of supplements to how to receive medical treatment. You can prevent several kinds of anemia by eating healthy diverse meals.

Symptoms

The symptoms and symptoms of anemia vary depending on the cause of the anemia. They may include the following:

  • fatigue
  • Weak point
  • Pale yellow skin
  • Irregular heart beat
  • shortness of breath
  • Dizziness and dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Cold limbs
  • headache

At first, anemia is mild, and it is not noticed. However, symptoms worsen as anemia gets worse.

When going to see a doctor

If you are tired due to unexplained reasons, please consult your doctor. Iron deficiency anemia or anemia such as vitamin B-12 deficiency is common.

There are many causes besides anemia in fatigue, so do not assume that you should be anemic if you get tired. Some people know that low hemoglobin is an anemia donating blood. If you are told that you can not donate blood because of low hemoglobin, please consult your doctor.

Causes

Anemia occurs when there is not enough red blood cells in the blood. This happens in the following cases:

  • Your body does not make enough red blood cells
  • By bleeding, red blood cells are lost earlier than being replaced
  • Your body destroys red blood cells

What do red blood cells do?

Your body creates three types of blood cells – white blood cells fight infection Platelets help thrombus, red blood cells carry oxygen in the body.

Red blood cells contain hemoglobin. This is a protein rich in iron that gives the blood a red color. Hemoglobin can spit because red blood cells can carry oxygen from your lungs to all parts of the human body and carry carbon dioxide from the rest of the body to the lungs.

Most blood cells, including red blood cells, are produced periodically in the bone marrow. It is a sponge like substance in many cavities. To produce hemoglobin and erythrocytes, nutrients such as iron, vitamin B-12, folic acid, etc. are required in the body.

Cause of anemia

 

Iron deficiency anemia.

This is the most common type of anemia in the world. Iron deficiency anemia is caused by the shortage of iron in your body. Your bone marrow needs iron to make hemoglobin. Without proper iron, your body can not produce enough hemoglobin for red blood cells.

Without iron supplementation, this type of anemia occurs in many pregnant women. It is also due to blood loss, such as regular use of menstrual blood heavy bleeding, ulcer, cancer, commercial analgesic, especially aspirin.

Vitaminic deficiency anemia.

In addition to iron, your body needs folic acid and vitamin B-12 to produce enough healthy red blood cells. Meals lacking in these and other important nutrients can cause a reduction in erythropoiesis.

In addition, some people may take B – 12 well, but their body can not handle vitamins. This leads to vitamin deficiency anemia, also called malignant anemia.

Aplastic anemia.

This rare, life-threatening anemia occurs when your body does not produce enough red blood cells. Possible causes of aplastic anemia include infection, certain medications, autoimmune diseases, and exposure to toxic chemicals.

Anemia related to bone marrow disease.

A variety of diseases such as leukemia and myelofibrosis can cause anemia by influencing the blood production of bone marrow. The effects of these types of cancer and cancer-like diseases vary from mild to life threatening.

Hemolytic anemia.

This anemia group develops when red blood cells are destroyed faster than bone marrow. Certain blood disorders increase red cell destruction. You can inherit hemolytic anemia or you can develop it later.

Sickle cell anemia.

This inherited and sometimes serious condition is hereditary hemolytic anemia. This is caused by defective forms of hemoglobin that make red blood cells take an abnormal crescent shape (sickle shape). These irregular blood cells die early and cause a chronic deficiency of erythrocytes.

Other anemia.

There are several other forms of anemia such as thalassemia and malaria anemia.

Risk Factors

These factors increase the risk of anemia.

A diet that is deficient in certain vitamins.

If you have a consistently low iron meal, vitamin B – 12 and folic acid increase the risk of anemia.

Intestinal disorders.

Intestinal disorders affecting the absorption of nutrients in the small intestine such as Crohn’s disease and celiac disease are at risk of anemia.

Menstruation.

Generally, women who have not experienced menopause have a higher risk of iron deficiency anemia than men and postmenopausal women. It is because menstruation causes loss of erythrocytes.

pregnancy.

If you are pregnant and you are not taking multi-vitamins containing folic acid, the risk of anemia increases.

Chronic condition.

If you have cancer, renal failure or other chronic illness, there is a risk of anemia of chronic disease. These conditions can lead to lack of red blood cells.

Slowly chronic blood loss due to ulcers or other causes in your body will deplete iron stocks in your body and lead to iron deficiency anemia.

Family history.

If your family has a history of hereditary anemia such as sickle cell anemia, the risk of disease may increase.

Other factors.

The history of certain infectious diseases, blood and autoimmune diseases, alcoholism, exposure to toxic chemicals, and the use of some drugs can affect erythropoiesis and lead to anemia.

Age.

People over the age of 65 are at high risk of anemia.

Complications

If left untreated, anemia causes many health problems such as:

Severe fatigue.

When anemia is serious enough, you may be so tired that you can not complete your daily work.

Complications of pregnancy.

Pregnant women with folate deficiency anemia are more likely to experience complications such as premature birth.

Heart problems.

Anemia can lead to rapid or irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia). When you are anemic, your heart needs to send more blood to compensate for oxygen deficiency in the blood. This may cause the heart or heart failure to expand.

death.

Some hereditary anemia such as sickle cell anemia are serious and can cause life threatening complications. Losing a lot of blood will result in acute, severe anemia, lethargic.

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