Aphasia

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Definition

Aphasia is a state that deprives communication skills. There are times when you can influence your ability to speak, write and understand both written and spoken words.

Aphasia typically occurs suddenly after stroke or head trauma. However, it gradually comes from a gradually growing brain tumor or a disease that causes progressive permanent damage (degeneration). The degree of disability is determined by how bad damage is bad and how bad it is.

If the cause is resolved, the main treatment for aphasia is speech therapy and speech therapy. People with aphasia learn to re-learn and practice language skills and use other methods for communication. Families often participate in the process and help communication.

Symptoms

Aphasia is a symptom of other conditions such as stroke and brain tumor.

People with aphasia:

  • Speak in short or incomplete sentences
  • Speak in meaningless sentences
  • Replace a word with another word or replace another word with another one
  • Speak unrecognized words
  • I do not understand other people’s conversation
  • Write meaningless sentences
  • The severity and extent of the problem will depend on the extent of the injury and the area of ​​the affected brain.

Types of aphasia

Your doctor may call aphasia non-fluent, fluent, or global:

Damage to the linguistic network near the left anterior region of the nonfluctant aphasic brain usually results in Broca aphasia, which is also referred to as non-abortive aphasia. People with this disorder will speak in words, talk in very short sentences and struggle to omit words. People may say “I want to eat” or “I will walk in the park today.” Listeners usually understand its meaning.

People with Broca aphasia may understand better than others speak. They are often aware of the difficulty of communication and may feel dissatisfied. People suffering from Broca aphasia also have paralysis and weakness on the right.

Fluent aphasia.

People of this type of aphasia can speak easily and fluently in long, complex sentences, including meaningless, unrecognizable, incorrect or unnecessary words. They usually do not understand spoken words well and often do not notice that others can not understand. This type of aphasia, also called Vernicke aphasia, is the result of damage to the language network on the left side of the brain.

Global aphasia.

Global aphasia causes severe damage to the brain’s language network. People suffering from global aphasia have a severe disability with expressive power and understanding.

When going to see a doctor

Aphasia is often a sign of serious problems such as stroke, so if you suddenly develop, you will receive emergency medical care:

  • It is difficult to talk
  • Trouble with speech understanding
  • Difficulty in recalling words
  • Reading and writing problems

Causes

The most common cause of aphasia is brain injury due to stroke – obstruction or rupture of blood vessels in the brain. Blood loss to the brain causes brain cell death and damage in the language control area.

Brain injury caused by severe head trauma, tumor, infection or degenerative processes can also cause aphasia. In such cases, aphasia usually occurs in other types of cognitive impairment such as memory problems or confusion.

Primary ataxia is a term of gradually developing language difficulty. This is because the brain cells located in the language network gradually degenerate. Sometimes, this type of aphasia may progress to more generalized dementia.

Temporary aphasia may occur. These may be due to migraine, stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). When blood flow is temporarily blocked in the area of ​​the brain, TIA occurs. People who receive TIA have a higher risk of developing stroke in the near future.

Complications

Aphasia can cause many quality of life problems, as communication is part of your life. The difficulty of communication may affect you:

  • job
  • Relationship
  • Daily function
  • Language barriers can lead to embarrassment,
  • depression, and relationship problems.

 

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