Bone Cancer

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Bone Cancer
Bone Cancer

Overview:

Bone sarcoma is a rare cancer began in the bone. Cancer of the bone, but you can start in any bone in the body, it affects the long bones that make up the most commonly arms and legs.

Several types of bone cancer exists. While giving effect to other people is mainly in adults, depending on the type of bone cancer, it occurs primarily in children.

The term “bone cancer” does not include the cancer that begins in the bone in the spread to other parts of the body (metastasis). As breast they were transferred to such bone, in place of the starting location, these cancers are named after.

symptoms:

  • Bone pain
  • Close to the swelling and tenderness of the affected area
  • Broken bone
  • Fatigue
  • Unintended weight loss

When to see a doctor:

You or your children if you want to develop a worry symptoms you and signs and an appointment with the doctor.

Cause:

This does not clear the cause of the cancer of the most bone. The doctor bone cancer you know the beginning as an error in the DNA of the cell. Error tells the cells and the division to grow so that they are not controlled. Instead of these cells are alive, we will die at a set time. Accumulation mutant cells will form a mass that can be spread to other areas of the intrusion or body in the vicinity of the structure (tumor).

Type of bone cancer:

Cancer of the bone, can be divided into different types based on the type of cancer began cells. The most common type of bone cancer,

Osteosarcoma:

Osteosarcoma, will start in the bone cells. Osteosarcoma, the bones of the legs and arms, and most often occurs in children and young adults

Chondrosarcoma:

Cartilage begins with cartilage cells. This happens usually, the pelvis in middle-aged and the elderly, in the legs and arms.

Ewing’s sarcoma:

Although is not clear whether the start Ewing’s sarcoma in bone, tumor occurs most commonly the pelvis, in the arms of legs and children and young adults.

Risk factors:

This is cause bone cancer, it is not clear whether the doctors have found is associated with increased risk, including certain factors.

Genetic syndrome of inheritance:

Rare genetic syndrome of some that have passed through the family, Li – increase the risk of bone cancer, such as Fraumeni syndrome and hereditary retinoblastoma.

Paget’s disease of bone:

The most commonly occurring in the elderly, Paget’s disease of bone, it can increase the risk of developing bone cancer after.

Radiation therapy of cancer:

As those given during the radiation treatment of such cancers, exposure to large doses,, of radiation, it increases the risk of future bone cancer.

Treatment:

Treatment options for cancer in your bones, are based on the type of cancer you have, cancer, your overall health and stage of your preference. Cancer of different bone corresponds to a different treatment, your doctor will be able to guide you in what is best for your cancer. For example, some of the bone cancer are simply treated with surgery. Part of the surgery and chemotherapy. Surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy and some.

Surgery:

The purpose of surgery is to remove the entire bone cancer. In most cases, this is along a small portion of healthy tissue surrounding it, and requires special techniques for removing tumor of a single piece. Type of surgery is used to treat including bone cancer

Surgery is to remove the cancer and spare limbs:

If that can be bone cancer is separated from the nerves and other tissues, the surgeon, is possible and limb spare good thing to remove the bone cancer. Since a part of the bone has been removed by the cancer, the surgeon, a material having from the bone bank, or special metal prosthesis, replacing bone lost and some bone from another area of your body you.

Cancer surgery that does not affect the limbs:

If the cancer of bone that occurs in the bone other than the arms and legs, the surgeon, like cancer affecting such ribs, it is possible to remove bone and some surrounding tissue, or can while maintaining a lot of bone, such as, you can remove the cancer as a cancer that affects the spine. Bone removed during surgery, a material having from the bone bank, or special metal prosthesis, can be replaced with bone fragments from another area of the body.

Surgery to remove the limb:

Very large or limb (cut) of all or a cancer of the bone, which is located in a complex point on the bone that may require surgery to remove the part. So that other treatments have been developed, in this procedure, it has become less common. You probably, equipped with an artificial limb after surgery, using the new limbs it will go through the training to learn to do the day-to-day work.

Chemotherapy:

Chemotherapy is a drug therapy using chemicals to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy, have in most cases, given through a vein (intravenous). Chemotherapeutic agents, and go to your whole body.

Chemotherapy, it can be used in cancer patients of the bone that has spread beyond the bone to other parts of the body

Radiation therapy:

Radiation therapy, in order to kill cancer cells, and then use the high-output beam of energy, such as X-ray. Special machine moves around you, while the aim of the energy beam at the exact point in your body, during radiation therapy, will be next on the table.

Typically, radiation therapy was given in conjunction with chemotherapy, in many cases, it has been used before the operation. This cleavage can increase the likelihood not be necessary.

Radiation therapy also can not be removed by surgery, and may be used by people with bone cancer. After surgery, radiation therapy, is may be used to kill any cancer cells that may be left. For cancer patients of advanced bone, radiation therapy, the control signs and symptoms such as pain, it can help.

 

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