Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer pic
Cervical Cancer symptom


The lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina – Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix.

Human papilloma virus (HPV), various strains of the sexually transmitted disease, plays a role in that cause most of the cervical cancer.

When exposed to HPV, women’s immune system is, typically, you can prevent the virus from doing harm. In the small group of women, however, contribute to the process that causes some of the cells on the surface of the cervix for the virus become cancer cells, will survive the year.

You have a screening test, by receiving the vaccine to protect against HPV infection, it can reduce the risk of developing cervical cancer.


Early cervical cancer does not cause the common signs and symptoms.

And signage, will include more symptoms of advanced cervical cancer

  • During Vaginal period or after menopause, and bleeding after intercourse
  • Heavy watery, it has that and the stench may be a bloody vaginal discharge
  • Pain or pelvic pain during intercourse


Healthy cells, they look like change to the abnormal cells, cervical cancer will be initiated when to get changes in the gene (mutation).

Healthy cells, dead to finally set the time, to grow, and then multiplied by the set ratio. Cancer cells grow, out of control over, and they will not die. Accumulation abnormal cells form a mass (tumor). Cancer cells invade nearby tissue, it can be cut off from the spread to other places in the body (metastatic) tumor.

Is not clear what causes cervical cancer, it is certain that HPV may play a role. HPV is very common, do not most of the women of the virus will develop cervical cancer. Such as your choice of environment and lifestyle – – This means the other factors, also, to determine if you are you sure that you want to develop cervical cancer

Types of Cervical Cancer

Type of cervical cancer you have can help you to determine the prognosis and treatment. There are main types of cervical cancer

Squamous cell carcinoma

This type of cervical cancer, the thin outer portion lining of the protruding neck in the vagina, begins with a flat cells (squamous cell). Most of cervical cancer, will be a squamous cell carcinoma


This type of cervical cancer, the line of the cervix, begins with a column-shaped gland cells.

Sometimes, both types of cells have been implicated in cervical cancer. In rare cases, the cancer does not occur in other cells in the cervix.

Risk Factors

Many sexual partners

Greater your number of sexual partners – and a large number of your partner of sexual partners – a big chance to win the HPV.

Sexual activity early

To have sex at an early age, it increases the risk of HPV.

Other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)

Such a chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis and HIV / AIDS, etc. – – it has a risk of increased HPV other sexually transmitted infections.

Weak immune system.

You, your immune system is weakened by other health conditions, if you have HPV, it might be more likely to develop cervical cancer.


Smoking is associated with squamous cell cervical cancer.


There is likely to be successfully treated the detected cervical cancer early. Most of the guidelines, women are suggested to start screening for cervical cancer and precancerous lesions at the age of 21.

Screening tests,

Pap Test

During the Pap test, and your doctor of abrasion, then abnormal brush cells from your cervix that has been studied in the lab for

Pap tests, including cancer cells and cells show changes that would increase the risk of cervical cancer, it is possible to detect the abnormal cells of the cervix.


HPV DNA testing, were taken from the cervix for infection of either type of the highest HPV can lead to cervical cancer, it involves a test cell. This test, or it may be an option of an abnormal Pap test for in more than 30 years of age of women for the young woman.


If cervical cancer is suspected, your doctor is likely to start in the thorough examination of your cervix. Special magnifier (colposcope) is used to check for abnormal cells.

The colposcopy during the inspection, your doctor might take a sample of cervical cells for clinical examination (biopsy). In order to obtain the organization, it can be used by your doctor

Punch biopsy

This includes the use of a sharp tool to pinch off a small sample of cervical tissue.

Endocervical curettage

This is a small, we use a thin brush to scrape the tissue sample from the spoon-shaped instrument (curette) or the cervix.

If you punch biopsy and endocervical curettage is a concern, the doctor, you may want to run one of the following test.

Electrical wire loop

This is in order to obtain a small tissue samples, thin, use a low-voltage electric wire. In general, this is done under local anesthesia in the office.

Cone biopsy

This is the procedure in which your doctor can get a deeper layers of cervical cells for testing in the laboratory. Cone biopsy, under general anesthesia, can be performed in a hospital.


If your doctor is you have determined that you have cervical cancer, you’ll have further tests to determine the extent of your cancer (stage). Stage of your cancer is an important factor in determining your treatment.

In staging test,

Image inspection

Such X-ray, CT scan, whether tests such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography, has spread beyond the (PET) is, your cancer is your cervix, your doctor but it will help you determine.

Visual inspection of your bladder and rectum

Your doctor is may be using a special scope to see the inside of your bladder and rectum.

  • Stage of cervical cancer, is as follows.

Stage 1

Cancer has been confined to the cervix.

Stage 2

Cancer is present in the upper part of the cervix and vagina.

Stage 3

Cancer has moved to the bottom of the inside or the vagina to the pelvic side wall.

Stage 4

Cancer has spread to other parts of the has spread to nearby organs such as the bladder or rectum or such lung, such as the liver and bone body.


The treatment of cervical cancer, cancer, such as you might have with other health problems of your favorite stage, will depend on several factors. Surgery, radiation, you can use the chemotherapy or a combination of the three,.


Early cervical cancer is usually treated with surgery to remove the uterus (hysterectomy). Hysterectomy, you can prevent recurrence and cure of early cervical cancer. However, it can is to pregnancy impossible to remove the uterus.

Doctor is may be recommended:

Simple hysterectomy

It will be removed along with the cervical and uterine cancer. Simple hysterectomy, usually is an option of the very early stage of cervical cancer.

Extensive hysterectomy

Cervix, uterus, is part of the vagina and the lymph nodes in the area will be removed and the cancer.

Minimally invasive surgery might be choices of early cervical cancer.

If you have a very early cervical cancer without lymph node metastasis, also may be an option, surgery to retain the possibility of pregnancy.


Radiation therapy is to kill cancer cells, use the high-power energy beam such as X-ray or a proton. Radiation therapy, in order to kill any remaining cancer cells, alone before surgery for after the reduction or surgery the tumor, or it can be used in chemotherapy.

You can include radiation therapy.

  • By directing a beam of radiation to the affected area of the external body (external beam radiation therapy)
  • Internally, (brachytherapy) is usually a few minutes, by radioactive material inside your vagina to place the device filled,
  • Both external and internal

Premenopausal women, you can start the menopause as a result of the cessation of menses and radiation therapy. If you may be pregnant after radiation therapy, before you start the treatment, information about how to save your eggs, ask your doctor.

chemical treatment

Chemotherapy, to kill cancer cells, usually the injection drug into a vein, we use. Chemotherapy, since it is possible to enhance the effect of radiation, low doses of chemotherapy is, in many cases, will be combined with radiation therapy. High-dose chemotherapy is used to control the altitude cervical cancer may not be curable.

The follow-up care

After you of the full treatment, your doctor will recommend regular screening. How often you will need to have a follow-up inspection, consult your doctor

Supportive (palliative) care

Palliative care is specialized medical care focused on providing relief from other symptoms of pain and serious illness. In order to experts of palliative care is to provide an extra layer of support to complement your ongoing care, you, will work with your family and your other doctors.

Palliative care, when used in conjunction with all the other appropriate treatment, people with cancer may live feel good, longer.

Palliative care is provided physician, by a team of specialists who received the nurses and other special training. Palliative care team, we aim to improve the people’s quality of life with cancer and their families. In this form of care, it has been provided with the curative or other treatment can be received.



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