Cervical Dystonia

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Overview

Cervical dystonia, also called spastic torticollis, is a painful condition in which your neck muscles contract unconsciously, their heads twist and turn to one side. Cervical dystonia also causes your head to lean back and forth uncontrollably.

Cervical dystonia, a rare disease that can occur at any age, is most frequently seen in middle-aged people over men. Symptoms generally begin gradually, and then reach a point that it does not substantially deteriorate.

There is no cure of cervical dystonia. This disorder may resolve without receiving treatment, but persistent remission is rare. When botulinum toxin is injected into the affected muscle, symptoms and symptoms of cervical dystonia are often reduced. Surgery may be appropriate in some cases.

Symptoms

Muscle contraction with cervical dystonia causes your head to be twisted in various directions as follows.

  • Toward the shoulder of the jaw
  • Ears toward the shoulder
  • Chin Straight Up
  • Chin Straight

The most common twist related to cervical dystonia is when the jaw is pulled on the shoulder. Some people experience a combination of abnormal head postures. Sometimes the movement of the head is jerky.

Many people with cervical dystonia also experience neck pain radiating to the shoulder. This disorder may also cause headache. In some people, the pain from the neck dystonia may be fatigued.

Causes

In most cases of cervical dystonia, the cause is unknown. People suffering from cervical dystonia have a family history so genetic factors may be the cause. Cervical dystonia may be associated with head, neck or shoulder injury.

Risk factors

Risk factors for cervical dystonia include,

Age.

Disability can occur to people of any age, but most commonly begins after 30 years of age.

Your sex.

Women are more likely to develop neck dystonia than men.

Family history.

If a close relative has cervical dystonia or other types of dystonia, the risk of developing the disorder will be higher.

Complications

In some cases involuntary muscle contraction associated with neck dystonia may spread to areas near the body. The most common places are face, jaw, arms, torso and so on.

People suffering from cervical dystonia may develop bone pulsations that may reduce the volume of the spinal canal. This can cause a tingling, numbness, and debility in your arms, hands, legs or feet.

Diagnosis

Physical examination alone can often confirm the diagnosis of cervical dystonia, but the doctor recommends blood test or MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) to exclude the condition that causes symptoms and symptoms.

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