Drug Addiction



Drug addiction is also referred to as substance use disorder and is legal or illegal drugs or drug addiction. Alcohol and nicotine are legal substances, but they are also considered drugs.

When you become intoxicated you may not be able to control the use of the medicine and continue to use the medicine despite the harm it causes. Drug addiction can cause strong craving for drugs. You may want to quit, but most people can not do it on their own.

Drug poisoning can cause serious, long-term outcomes, including physical and mental health, relationships, employment, and legal issues.

To overcome your drug addiction and keep drugs out of use, you may need help with a doctor, family, friend, support group, or an organized treatment program.


Most drug addiction begins with the experimental use of drugs in social situations. For some people, drug use will be more frequent. The risk of intoxication and how quickly you depend on drugs will vary. Some drugs have a higher risk and cause dependence more rapidly than other drugs.

As time goes by, more medicines may be needed. You may need medicine right away. As your drug use increases, sometimes it becomes increasingly difficult to go without that medicine. Trying to stop using drugs may result in intense craving and physical condition may be impaired (withdrawal symptoms).

Symptoms or behavior of drug addiction include inter alia:

  • You feel that you have to use medication regularly – this can be done every day, or a few days
  • There is a strong impulse to the medicine
  • Over time, we need more medication to get the same effect
  • Ensure that you are maintaining the supply of medication
  • Even though you can not afford it, spend money on medicine
  • You are not fulfilling your duties or responsibilities for
  • work or you are ceasing social or recreational activities for drug use
  • You do things like stealing drugs you do not normally do
  • Drive when you are affected by medicine or do other dangerous activities
  • To concentrate more and more on obtaining and using drugs
  • I failed to try to stop using medicine
  • You experience withdrawal symptoms when you try to stop taking medications

Recognition of family drug abuse

Sometimes it is difficult to distinguish normal teen moods and anger from signs of drug use. Indications that your teenagers or other families may be using medication are as follows:

Problems at school and workplace

frequent missed school and workplace, suddenly not interested in school activities and work, deterioration in grades and work results

Physical health problems

lack of energy and motivation

Ignored appearance

I’m not interested in clothes, grooming or looks

Change in behavior

an effort to exaggerate to prohibit members of the family from entering their room or to keep secret places to go with friends. Dramatic changes in behavior and relationships with family and friends

Spending expenses

sudden funding requests without reasonable explanation. Your discovery that your money is lost, stolen or the item has disappeared from your home.

Recognize signs of drug use or intoxication

Indications and symptoms of drug use or intoxication may vary depending on the type of drug. Below are some examples.

Marijuana, hashish and other cannabis containing substances

People use cannabis by inhaling smoking, eating, or vaporized forms of medication. Cannabis is a drug that precedes or is used with other substances such as alcohol and other illegal drugs and is often tried first.

Recently used signs and symptoms include,

  • Feeling euphoria and “high” feeling
  • Increased sense of vision, hearing, and taste
  • Increased blood pressure and heart rate
  • Red eyes
  • Thirst
  • Decreased adjustment
  • It is difficult to concentrate and memorize
  • Increased appetite
  • Slow reaction time
  • Delusions thinking

Long-term (chronic) use is often associated with:

  • Decrease in mental sharpness
  • Bad performance at school and workplace
  • Decrease in the number of friends and interests

Synthetic cannabinoids and substituted cations

Two groups of synthetic drugs (synthetic cannabinoids and substituted cations) are illegal in most states. The effects of these drugs may be dangerous and unpredictable because there is no quality control and some ingredients may not be known.

Synthetic cannabinoids, also called “K2” or “spices”, can be prepared as herbal tea, although it is sprayed on dry herbs and then smoked. Despite manufacturer’s claims, these are chemical compounds rather than “natural” or harmless products. These drugs can produce “high” similar to cannabis and it is a famous but dangerous alternative.

Recently used signs and symptoms include,

  • Feeling euphoria and “high” feeling
  • Enhanced mood
  • Relaxation
  • Change sensation of vision, hearing and taste
  • Extreme anxiety or disturbance
  • paranoia
  • Hallucination
  • Increase in heart rate and blood pressure
  • vomiting
  • confusion

Substituted cations, also called “bath salts” are psychoactive substances similar to amphetamines like ecstasy (MDMA) and cocaine. Despite their names, these are not bus products like Epsom salt. Substituted cations can be eaten, inhaled, injected, and very addictive. These drugs cause severe poisoning, which can lead to harmful effects on health and death.

Recently used signs and symptoms include,

  • Euphoria
  • Improve social performance
  • Increased energy and excitement
  • Increased sexual activity
  • Increase in heart rate and blood pressure
  • Chest pain
  • paranoia
  • Panic attack
  • Hallucination
  • Delirium
  • Psychosis and acts of violence

Barbiturates and benzodiazepines

Barbiturates and benzodiazepines are prescribed central nervous system depressants. They are often used in search of the desire to “forget” or forget relaxation and stress related thoughts and emotions, and are being abused.

Phenobarbital, Amobarbital (Amytal) and Secobarbital (Seconal Sodium) are examples of barbiturates. Examples of benzodiazepines include sedatives such as diazepam (barium), alprazolam (Xanax, nilavam), lorazepam (attiban), clonazepam (chronopine) and chlordiazepoxide (librium).

Recently used signs and symptoms include,

  • Drowsiness
  • Slur speech
  • Lack of coordination
  • Euphoria or exaggerated happiness
  • Concentration and thought problems
  • Memory problem
  • Unconscious eye movement (nystagmus)
  • Lack of inhibition
  • Slow breathing and lowering blood pressure
  • dizzy
  • depression

When going to see a doctor

If your drug use is uncontrollable or causing problems, please get help. The sooner you ask for help, the more likely it will be for a long-term recovery. Consult with your doctor, consult a mental health provider such as a doctor specializing in toxicants and addiction psychiatrists, licensed alcohol and drug counselor etc.

Let’s consult a doctor in the following cases:

  • You can not stop using medicine
  • Your drug use leads to unsafe behavior, such as needle sharing and unprotected sex
  • I think you may have withdrawal symptoms after stopping drug use

If you are not ready to approach the doctor, a help line or hotline may be suitable for learning about treatment. These lines are posted on the phone book or the internet.

If you or someone you know is taking medication,

  • Can be overdosed
  • Show a change in consciousness
  • Dyspnea
  • Accompanied by seizures or convulsions
  • There are signs of a heart attack such as chest pain or pressure
  • There are other troublesome physical or psychological
  • reactions to drug use

Staging of intervention

People struggling with addiction usually reluctant to deny that they have problems and to seek medical treatment. Intervention can present a loved one with structured opportunities to make changes before things get worse and motivate someone to ask for or accept help.

Interventions should be carefully planned and done by families and friends in consultation with physicians or experts such as approved alcohol and drug counselors or intervention specialists should be told. Some people are concerned about families, friends, sometimes colleagues, clergy, people suffering from poisoning.

During the intervention, these people gather and seek directly with the person about the outcome of poisoning and ask them to accept treatment.


Like many psychiatric disorders, several factors may contribute to the development of drug addiction and dependence. The main reasons are as follows.


Environmental factors including family beliefs and attitudes, exposure to peer groups that encourage drug use seem to play a role in the first drug use.


Once you begin using genetics drugs, the development into intoxication is affected by genetic (genetic) traits and may delay or speed up the progression of the disease.

Brain changes

Physical addiction appears to occur when repetitive use of drugs changes as your brain feels pleasure. Addictive drugs cause physical changes in some neurons (neurons) in the brain. Neurons use chemicals called neurotransmitters to transmit. These changes will continue for a long time after stopping drug use.

Risk Factors

People of any age, sex or economic status may be addicted to drugs. However, several factors may affect the probability and speed of the onset of poisoning.

Family history of addiction.

Drug addiction is more common in some families and perhaps is associated with a genetic predisposition. If there are problems with haemophilia such as parents and brothers, alcohol or drugs, the risk of drug addiction is higher.

He is a man.

Men are more likely to have drug problems than women. However, the progression of toxic diseases is known to be faster in women.

There is another mental disorder.

If you have a mental health disorder such as depression, attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or post traumatic stress disorder, you are more likely to depend on the drug.

Peer to peer pressure.

Companion pressure is a strong factor to start drug use and abuse, especially for young people.

Lack of family intervention.

A difficult family situation or lack of ties with your parents or siblings may increase the risk of addiction as well as the lack of parental supervision.


depression, loneliness. Using drugs becomes a way to deal with these painful psychological emotions and may further exacerbate these problems.

Drink highly addictive medicine.

Some drugs, such as stimulants, cocaine, painkillers, etc., may accelerate the onset of addiction over other drugs. However, so-called “mild drugs”, which are thought to have poor drug toxicity, can start you on the path of drug use and poisoning.


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