Egg Allergy

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Definition

Eggs are one of the most common allergy causes food for children.

The symptoms of egg allergy usually occur in a few minutes to several hours after eating a food containing eggs or eggs. Signs and symptoms range from mild to severe and may include skin rash, urticaria, nasal congestion, and emesis or other digestive problems. Rarely, egg allergies can cause anaphylaxis, life-threatening responses.

Egg allergy may occur early in infancy. Most children survive egg allergies before, but not all, puberty.

Symptoms

  • Egg allergic reactions vary from person to person, usually occurring immediately after exposure to eggs. For the symptoms of egg allergy,

  • Skin inflammation or urticaria – the most common egg allergic reaction
  • Nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing (allergic rhinitis)
  • Digestive symptoms such as convulsions, nausea, vomiting
  • Signs and symptoms of asthma such as cough, wheezing, chest compressions or shortness of breath


Anaphylaxis

  • Severe allergic reactions lead to anaphylaxis, a life-threatening emergency situation that requires immediate epainphrine (adrenaline) bombardment and movement to the emergency room. Signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis include,

  • Stenosis of respiratory difficult airways such as swollen throat and throat mass
  • Abdominal pain and spasm
  • Rapid pulse
  • Shock, severe declines in blood pressure and dizziness, lightness or loss of consciousness


Regardless of how well your or your child is on your eggs, please discuss with your doctor whatever your reaction. Since the severity of the egg allergic reaction may change with each occurrence, even if the past reactions were mild, the next reaction may be more serious.

If you or your child thinks there is a risk of severe reactions, the doctor may prescribe emergency epinephrine to use if anaphylaxis occurs. The shot is contained in an easily deliverable device called auto injector.

When going to see a doctor

 

If you or any child has signs or symptoms of food allergy immediately after eating egg or egg containing products, please consult your doctor. If possible, please consult your doctor when an allergic reaction is occurring. This helps to make a diagnosis.

If you or your child presents symptoms and symptoms of anaphylaxis, immediately take emergency treatment and use the self-injector.

Causes

The immune system overreaction causes food allergy. In the case of egg allergy, the immune system incorrectly identifies a particular egg protein as being harmful. When you or your child comes in contact with the egg protein, the immune system cells (antibodies) will recognize them and notify the immune system to release histamine and other chemicals that cause allergic signs and symptoms.

Egg yolk and egg white contain proteins that may cause allergies, but allergy to egg white is most common. If a mother ingests eggs it may cause an allergic reaction in egg protein in breast milk.

Risk Factors

Certain factors can increase the risk of developing egg allergy:

Atopic dermatitis.

Children with this type of skin reaction are much more likely to develop food allergy than children without skin problems.

Family history.

If either or both of your parents have asthma, food allergy, or another type of allergy (such as hay fever, urticaria or eczema) the risk of food allergy is high.

Age.

Egg allergy is the most common in children. With age, the digestive system matures, and allergic food reactions are unlikely to occur.

Complications

The most serious complication of egg allergy is having severe allergic reactions that require epinephrine infusion and emergency treatment.

If you or your child is suffering from egg allergy, you or your child have the following high risk.

  • Allergy to other foods such as milk, soybeans, peanuts
  • Allergy against pet scales, dust mites, or grass pollen
  • Allergic skin reaction such as atopic dermatitis
  • Asthma increases the risk of causing severe allergic reactions to eggs and other foods
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