Fetal Alcohol Syndrome



Fetal alcohol syndrome is the state of a child due to mother’s alcohol exposure during pregnancy. Fetal alcohol syndrome causes problems of brain damage and growth.

No alcohol is known to be taken safely during pregnancy. If you drink during pregnancy, you are at risk of fetal alcohol syndrome.

If your child is suspected of fetal alcohol syndrome, please consult your doctor as soon as possible. Early diagnosis can reduce the risk of problems such as learning difficulties and behavioral problems.


The severity of symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome varies, and some children have it far more than others. Symptoms and symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome may include physical defects, mental retardation or cognitive impairment, and problems that work in daily life and cope with them.

Physical defect

For physical defects,

  • Wide set of eyes, very thin upper lip, short upward nose, characteristic facial features including smooth skin surface between nose and upper lip
  • Deformation of joints, limbs and fingers
  • Slow body growth before and after childbirth
  • Sight impairment or hearing impairment
  • Small head circumference and brain size
  • Cardiac defects and kidney and bone problems

Brain and central nervous system problems

Brain and central nervous system problems include the following:

  • Adjustment or balance is bad
  • Mental retardation, learning disability and developmental delay
  • Insufficient memory
  • Issues related to attention and processing information
  • Difficulty of reasoning and problem solving
  • It is difficult to specify the result of selection
  • Poor judgment
  • Discomfort or hyperactivity
  • A rapidly changing mood

Social and Behavioral Problems

For problems with functions, coping, and interaction with others,

  • School’s difficulty
  • Troubles when living with others
  • Poor social skills
  • Struggling to adapt to changing or switching from one task to another
  • Problems of behavior and impulse control
  • The time concept is bad
  • Problems in tasks
  • It is difficult to achieve the goal

When going to see a doctor

If you are pregnant and can not stop drinking, ask your obstetrician or other health care provider for help.

Please let your child’s doctor know if you drank alcohol during pregnancy because early diagnosis may help relieve the risk of long-term problems in children with fetal alcohol syndrome. Do not wait for problems before you ask for help.

If you are adopting a child or offering care, you can not know whether your child’s biological mother is drinking alcohol during pregnancy – if your child has fetal alcohol syndrome There may be. However, if your child has learning and behavioral problems, please consult your child’s doctor so that the root cause is identified.


When you are pregnant and drink alcohol:

  • Alcohol enters your bloodstream and reaches the developing fetus across the placenta
  • Since alcohol causes the fetus to slowly metabolize alcohol over adults, alcohol concentration in blood of developing babies will be higher than in the body
  • Alcohol interferes with oxygen supply and optimal nutrition to your baby’s growing tissues and organs, including the brain

The more you drink during pregnancy, the higher the risk to your fetus. Before you know that you are pregnant, your baby’s brain, heart, blood vessels will start in the early pregnancy weeks.

As a result of drinking alcohol during the first pregnancy, facial features, bones and other organs, bone and central nervous system dysfunction may occur. That is when these parts of the fetus are in an important stage of development. However, the risk exists at any time during pregnancy.

Risk Factors

The more alcohol you drink during pregnancy, the more likely your baby’s problem is. Safe alcohol consumption during pregnancy is unknown.

Even before you know that you are pregnant, you may endanger your baby. Do not drink alcohol in the following cases:

  • You are pregnant
  • I think you may be pregnant
  • You are trying to get pregnant


Potential problem behaviors arising from having fetal alcohol syndrome (secondary obstruction) include the following:

  • Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • Behavioral disorders including infringement, rules and breach of law, inappropriate social behavior
  • Alcohol and substance abuse
  • Mental disorders such as depression, anxiety, eating disorders
  • Problems at schools with independent living and employment
  • Inappropriate sexual activity
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