Gallbladder Cancer

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Gallbladder Cancer
Gallbladder Cancer

Definition:

It is a cancer that begins in the gallbladder cancer gallbladder.

Your gallbladder is under your liver, small on the right side of your abdomen, is the organ in the shape of a pear. Bile of gallbladder stores, production raw of digestive juices by your liver.

Gallbladder cancer is rare. Gallbladder cancer, if it is discovered in its early stage, the possibility of healing is very good. Prognosis is often even if very bad, most of the gallbladder cancer is discovered in a late stage.

Gallbladder cancer, in many cases, because it does not cause specific signs or symptoms, it is difficult to diagnose. In addition, relatively hidden nature of the gallbladder, allows you to grow without that it is easy to gallbladder cancer is detected.

Symptoms:

Symptoms, which may be mentioned as a sign of gallbladder cancer

  • Especially abdominal pain in the upper right part of the abdomen,
  • Abdominal distension
  • itchiness
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Without trying, you will lose weight
  • Nausea
  • Yellowing and white of the eyes of the skin (jaundice)

When to see a doctor:

If you are worried about signs and symptoms you have occurred, and the promise with your doctor

Causes:

This does not clear the cause of gallbladder cancer.

Doctor when healthy gallbladder cells develop changes in their DNA (mutations) will know the shape of the gallbladder cancer. These mutations, cells grow out of control, let continue to live in when the other cells die normally. Storage cells grow beyond the gallbladder, it can spread to other areas of the body, and form tumors.

We start most of gall bladder cancer, the inner surface of the gall bladder in the lining gland cells. Gallbladder cancer that begins in this type of cell is called adenocarcinoma. This term refers to the way that cancer cells appear when examined under a microscope.

Risk factors:

  • Your sex:

Gallbladder cancer is more common in women

  • Your age:

As a risk your age increase of gallbladder cancer.

  • Your weight:

People who are obese are at high risk of developing gallbladder cancer

  • The history of gallstones:

Gallbladder cancer is the most common in people who have had gallstones in the past. Still, gallbladder cancer is very rare in these people

  • Other gallbladder diseases and conditions:

Other gallbladder conditions that can increase the risk of gallbladder cancer will include porcelain gallbladder, common bile duct cyst and chronic gallbladder infection.

Testing and diagnosis:

Diagnosis of gallbladder cancer:

The tests and procedures gallbladder cancer, used to diagnose

  • Blood test:

Blood tests, your doctor has to evaluate your liver function that can help determine whether the cause of your signs and symptoms.

  • Procedure creates an image of the gallbladder:

Image inspection that can create an image of the gallbladder, ultrasound and computer tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be mentioned.

Determine the extent of gallbladder cancer:

Once your doctor diagnoses your gallbladder cancer, he or she will work in order to find the extent of your cancer (stage). Stage of your gall bladder cancer, will help you to determine your prognosis and your treatment options.

Tests and procedures that will be used to stage gallbladder cancer are as follows.

  • Exploratory laparotomy:

The doctor will be able to recommend the surgery to see the inside of your abdomen for signs of that gallbladder cancer has spread.

In is laparoscopy, which called the procedure, the surgeon performs a small incision in your abdomen, insert a small camera. The camera, you can examine the internal organs of the surrounding your gallbladder for signs that the surgeon is spreading cancer.

  • The test, in order to examine the bile duct:

The doctor will be able to recommend the procedure for injecting a dye into the bile duct. This is followed by a recorded image inspection to go where the dye. These tests, you can view the blockage in the bile duct.

These tests, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, it may include a magnetic resonance cholangiography and percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography

  • Additional image inspection:

Or most people gallbladder cancer is cancer has metastasized, it will undergo a series of scans to determine if the remains localized. Which scan must be performed to change depending on your situation. General scan contains the chest and abdomen, ultrasound and MRI of the CT of the liver, and positron emission tomography.

Gallbladder cancer staging:

There are of gallbladder cancer stage

  • Stage 1:

At this stage, gallbladder cancer is limited to the inner layer of the gallbladder

  • Stage 2:

This stage of gallbladder cancer, can be extended beyond the gallbladder and is growing in order to penetrate the outer layer of the gallbladder.

  • Stage 3:

At this stage, gallbladder cancer, liver, one or more of the nearby organs such as the small intestine and stomach, has grown to the invasion. Gallbladder cancer may have spread to nearby lymph nodes.

  • Stage 4:

Final stage of gallbladder cancer includes large tumors with multiple nearby organs and tumor of any size that has spread to remote areas of the body.

 

Treatment and medicine:

You, cancer, what gall bladder that your overall health and the choice of cancer treatment that depends on the stage of your choice are available.

The first goal of treatment would be to remove the gallbladder cancer, if this is not possible, other treatments may be useful in controlling the spread of disease, keeps you as comfortable as possible to .

Surgery for early gallbladder cancer:

If you’re having an early gallbladder cancer may surgery is an option. The options,

Surgery to remove the gall bladder:

Treated with operation for removing early gallbladder cancer gall bladder, which is restricted to the gallbladder (cholecystectomy),

Surgery, to remove the part of the gallbladder and liver:

Gallbladder cancer extending beyond the gallbladder in the liver has been treated sometimes gall bladder, as well as surgery to remove part of the liver and bile ducts that surround the gallbladder.

Add after successful surgery treatment is not clear whether it is possible to increase the likelihood that you do not have your gallbladder cancer returned. Several studies, since this has been found to be true, in some cases, the physician, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or can recommend a combination of surgery after both.

Discuss the potential benefits and risks of additional treatment with your doctor to determine what is right for you.

The treatment of late stage gallbladder cancer:

Surgery can not cure gallbladder cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. Instead, the doctor will use a treatment that can relieve symptoms of signs and cancer, make you comfortable as possible.

chemical treatment:

Chemotherapy is located in the drug therapy using chemicals to kill cancer cellsĀ 

Radiation therapy:

Radiation to kill cancer cells, using a high-power beam of energy such as X-rays

Clinical trial:

Clinical trials for the treatment of gall bladder cancer, we use experiments and new medicine. Please consult your doctor to see if you can do it is qualified to participate in the clinical trial.

 

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