Lung Cancer

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Lung cancer information
Lung_cancer

About lung cancer:

Lung cancer is derived from the lungs, but can spread to other parts of the body. Begin in other places, but metastatic cancer to the lungs, not a lung cancer.

According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), lung cancer is a cancer that is diagnosed in the second in the United States. Non-smokers, but you can too get lung cancer, smoking is the main cause. In the past few decades, the proportion of lung cancer has decreased at about the same rate, such as smoking.

 

Who Gets it and why:

Anyone can get lung cancer, but specific factors, puts you at greater risk. Smoking is a risk factor for number one. You are family history of lung cancer, especially if you have a parent or sibling, there is also an increase in risk.

Other danger is passive smoking, will include exposure to radon gas or asbestos,. Arsenic, can bring nickel, a substance also risks, such as chromium. Smokers who are exposed to drugs that cause additional cancer has been exposed to even greater danger.

 

Symptoms:

People with early stage lung cancer, and what is wrong, you do not often noticed. As the cancer grows, chronic cough is obtained occurs. Smokers, whether it is possible to notice a change in their “smoker’s cough”, you may want to start the blood cough. Many patients have reported hoarseness, wheezing, frequent shortness of breath breathing. You may also chest pain, bone pain, headache occur. Unexplained weight loss is a common symptom of cancer.

 

Diagnostic Tools:

Imaging tests, such as X-rays and computed tomography (CT) scan is useful in diagnosing lung cancer. Sputum can be analyzed for cancer cells (sputum cytology) under a microscope. Biopsy, so that it can be analyzed under a microscope for the presence of cancer cells is the test for the doctor to take a tissue sample.

There are several methods for obtaining a sample. The doctor, by inserting a needle through the chest to the lungs (needle biopsy), you can get lung tissue. In order to get the lymph node samples, a surgical instrument can be inserted through an incision at the base of the neck (mediastinoscopy).

 

What means “staging:

Stage I, which means that the tumor has not spread outside of less than 5 centimeters and lungs. Stage II means that the tumor is larger than 5 centimeters. Also, it could mean the tumor is small, but the diaphragm, chest wall or close to the organization, such as the lymph nodes, are involved.

In stage III, the tumor is large, it has been infiltrated in the vicinity of the organ. In addition, it may also indicate a small tumor together with the presence of lung cancer cells in distant lymph nodes. When the cancer has spread to distant areas the lung or more, there is a stage IV.

 

Treatment:

Your treatment of choice is a big deal to you in detail has been unique dependent. Surgery, the tumor and some surrounding tissue, it is often necessary to remove the lungs and respiratory tract or a part of the whole lung,.

Chemotherapy uses powerful drugs to kill cancer cells throughout the body. Radiation therapy to kill cancer cells, can be a particular area and the target.

It is possible that your doctor will recommend a combination of treatment, it is, does not mean that it is always possible to know whether the remains in your body there is a cancer cell.

 

Other Treatments:

Laser therapy uses a narrow beam of light. Photodynamic therapy, and then combining the laser light of the drug to kill the cancer cells. Cryosurgery destroys the freeze and abnormal tissue, electrocautery, in order to kill the cell, uses a heated needle by the current. Monoclonal antibodies and tyrosine kinase inhibitors, intended for the treatment to prevent the growing cancer cells.

In addition, the clinical trials that are used to test a new cancer treatment, you can ask your doctor. Many cancer patients, to find the comfort to local support groups.

 

Complications of lung cancer:

Shortness of breath of breath and pain, it can affect the quality of life. Other complications of lung cancer is pleural effusion. Is when fluid accumulates in the area around the lung. In that case, you need the fluid is discharged from your chest.

Serious complications of lung cancer is metastasis. Cancer, brain, remote locations such as the liver, is the time to spread to the adrenal gland or bone,. Metastatic cancer is increased, and the great variety of symptoms such as pain, can cause. A variety of treatments, will help in the management of symptoms.

 

Prognosis:

Lung cancer, can be fatal. According to the CDC, it is a major cause of cancer death in the United States. It is your long-term outlook, which is dependent on a number of factors, including your overall health status, age, and treatment options, however, it is important to note. In view of the prognosis, stage at diagnosis is an important factor. The best survival rate is for those who have been diagnosed between the lung cancer stage I or stage II.

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