Pet Allergy

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Overview

Pet allergy is an allergic reaction to proteins found in animal skin cells, saliva or urine. Symptoms of pet allergy are common to hay fever of sneezing such as sneezing and runny nose.There are signs of asthma such as wheezing and dyspnea.

In most cases, pet allergy is caused by exposure to dead flakes (scales) of the skin that the pet flows. All animals with fur may cause pet allergy, but pet allergy is most commonly associated with cats and dogs.

In the case of pet allergy, it is best to avoid or reduce exposure to animals as much as possible. Medications and other treatments may be necessary to relieve symptoms and manage asthma.

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of pet allergy caused by nasal inflammation include,

  • sneeze
  • Runny nose
  • Itching, reddish or moist eyes
  • Nasal congestion
  • Itching nose, roof of mouth and throat
  • Drain after nasal passages
  • cough
  • Facial pressure and pain
  • Frequent awakening
  • Swollen blue skin under your eyes
  • In children, I rub the nose frequently upwards

If your pet allergy is contributing to asthma, you may also experience:

  • Dyspnea
  • Tension and pain in the chest
  • Fly whistle and wheezing sound that you can hear when breathing
  • Sleep disturbance due to shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing


Skin symptoms

Some people with pet allergy experience skin symptoms known as allergic dermatitis. contact with pets causing allergies can induce allergic dermatitis and cause the following signs and symptoms.

  • A raised red spot on the skin (hive)
  • eczema
  • Itching skin


When going to see a doctor

Symptoms and symptoms of pet allergy such as runny nose and sneeze are the same as common cold. It may be difficult to know whether there is coldness or allergy. If symptoms persist for more than 2 weeks, there is a possibility of allergies.

If your symptoms or symptoms are serious – feel your nose is completely closed, please consult your doctor if sleep or wheezing is difficult. If wheezing and shortness of breath worsen quickly, or if you have shortness of breath with minimal activity, please receive emergency treatment.

Causes 

Allergies occur when your immune system responds to foreign objects such as pollen, mold, wobble of pets.

Your immune system produces proteins known as antibodies.These antibodies protect you against unnecessary intruders that may cause disease or infection. If you are allergic, your immune system will make antibodies that identify your specific allergen as harmful.

When inhaling or contacting allergens, the immune system reacts and causes inflammatory reactions in the nasal cavities and lungs. When exposed to allergens for a prolonged period or periodically, airway inflammation associated with asthma may become ongoing (chronic).

Cats and dogs

Besides saliva, urine, sweat, fur, cat and dog allergens are also found in skin cells (dandruff) that animals throw away. Dunder is very small, especially problematic because it can stay in the air for a long time with a bit of air circulation. It also easily collects with upholstered furniture and sticks to your clothes.

Pet saliva can stick to carpets, bedding, furniture, clothing. Dry saliva may be in the air.

So-called hypoallergenic cats and dogs can reduce fur than type of depilation, but in reality they are not hypoallergenic.

Rodents and rabbits

Rodent pets include mice, gerbils, hamsters and guinea pigs.Rodent-derived allergens are usually present in hair, dandruff, saliva and urine. Dust from the bottom of the cage and dust from sawdust may contribute to rodent airborne allergens.

Rabbit allergens are present in dandruff, hair and saliva.

Other pets

Almost no pet allergy occurs in animals that do not have fur like fish or reptiles.

Risk Factors 

Pet allergy is common. However, when allergy and asthma develop in families, the possibility of developing pet allergy increases.

When you are exposed to pets when you are young you can avoid pet allergy. Several studies have shown that children living with dogs in the first year of life are more resistant to upper respiratory infections in their infancy than children who do not have dogs at that age.

Complications

Sinus infection

Ongoing (chronic) inflammation of the tissue of the nasal passages caused by pet allergy can block the cavity leading to the nasal passages (sinus). These disorders are likely to develop sinus bacterial infections such as sinusitis.

Asthma

People with asthma and pet allergy often have difficulty in managing asthma symptoms. There is a danger of an asthma attack requiring treatment and emergency care immediately.

 

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